What Are Some Tax Deductions For Truck Drivers vs Independent Contractors?
Trucker Tax – Understanding Truck Driver Tax Deductions
Truck drivers incur a significant amount of business expenses and the IRS offers several truck driver tax deductions for drivers’ use. Most of the deductions are available to truck drivers employed by a company and independent contractor truck drivers. Be aware that any employer-reimbursed expenses are not deductible.
Always double check W-2 for income from wages you receive as an employee. As a self-employed or independent contractor, you may receive Form 1099-MISC. Keep receipts of expenses to substantiate when taxes are filed. Take a photo or scan receipts for work and keep them in a folder on your computer. This will declutter workspaces and ensure safekeeping for receipts.
Tax Deductions for Truck Drivers
As a truck driver, you may be able to reduce taxes by deducting unreimbursed, work-related expenses. If you are a truck driver employee, expenses can be claimed as miscellaneous Itemized Deductions on Schedule A, Itemized Deductions. If you are self-employed or an independent contractor, these types of expenses can be deductible on Schedule C.
Truck drivers are required to maintain a tax home to claim deductions. Without a tax home, some deductions may not be allowed.
Typically, the tax home is the regular place of business. It does not matter where the truck driver lives. The tax home includes the entire city or general area in which a business or work is located. If there is more than one workplace, the main place of business would be considered the tax home. If there is not a regular place or main place of business, the tax home would be where the truck driver lives. If there is not a regular place of business or post of duty and there is no place where the truck driver regularly lives, the truck driver is considered a transient and the tax home would be wherever work is conducted.
Determining the appropriate tax home can save you money. In one instance, a Missouri truck driver did not require the employee to return to base. The Missouri truck driver used his mother’s address as his permanent address and tax home. However, the Missouri truck driver did not actually live there or help pay rent or other living expenses. The IRS disallowed over $19,000 of per diem hotel expenses he deducted on his return. Ensure you have the appropriate tax home noted, and if there is any question of a tax home, contact a tax advisor.
Tax Deductions for Truck Drivers List
Truck Driver Tax Deduction examples:
- Vehicle expenses:
- Parking fees, tolls, and standard mileage rates can be deducted if you are not deducting actual expenses. Also, vehicle maintenance, repairs, fuel, oil, registration fees, insurance, tires, and if you own the truck, depreciation can be deducted
- Cleaning Supplies:
- Hand cleaner, paper towels, portable vacuum, trash bags, window cleaner, and the like can be deducted if solely used for work
- CB radio & repair, phone, GPS unit, GPS Map Updates. The IRS recognizes that mobile phones and laptops are necessary for truck drivers. The IRS also know that these devices will also serve personal uses while drivers are working. Therefore, the IRS only allows truck drivers to deduct up to 50% of the cost of access fees. The entire cost of the actual phone or laptop required for work is deductible. If the phone and or laptop are used only for work, then the cost can be deducted
- Duct tape, electrical tape, flashlights, hammer, pliers, screwdrivers, tire iron, and wrenches can be deducted if used only in the workplace
- Travel Expenses:
- Lodging at hotels and motels meals, laundry expenses while traveling away from home, alarm clock, bedding, cab curtains, coffee maker, first aid supplies, refrigerator, and Tupperware can be deducted.
- Union and trade association dues:
- Most truck drivers are required to be affiliated with unions or other collective trucking groups. The dues required for membership are entirely deductible. Voluntary memberships may also be deductible, but only if the employee can show that the dues assist in their career or are a regular membership in the industry
- State or local government licenses and regulatory fees
- Office supplies
- clipboard, logbooks, maps, notebook paper, pens & pencils, stapler, and related items can be deducted
- Load expenses:
- bungee cords, load chains, load straps, locks, wide load flags
- Flat-rate occupational taxes and excise taxes – heavy highway vehicle use tax
- Liability insurance premiums:
- Truck drivers are required to undergo medical examinations for employment which can be deducted. Also, any out-of-pocket costs these examinations occur can be deducted. These deductions are taken as business expenses and not medical expenses.
- Subscriptions to trade publications:
- The IRS allows truck drivers to deduct the full cost because these publications frequently discuss new regulations and information relevant to the workplace. A truck driver should be able to demonstrate that the main or only reason they subscribe to the publication is that of the publication’s importance to their employment.
- Uniform cleaning and maintenance:
- The cost and upkeep of uniform cleaning if it is required for work and not suitable for everyday wear – like the cost of safety shoes and gloves for a truck driver carrying blacktop. One thing to keep in mind: if you wear a company uniform but are not required to wear it, you cannot deduct uniform expenses. Clothing such as hangers, laundry bag, laundry soap, uniform alterations, boots gloves, hard hat, rain gear, and safety glasses for work are also deductible
- Leasing costs:
- A truck driver’s trailer rental fees can be deducted
- Additional costs related to truck drivers include cargo losses and damage claims if cargo costs were included in income and pay to other drivers who assist you with your job. If these drivers are your employees, instead of independent contractors, you may be responsible for paying employment taxes, such as Social Security tax, Medicare tax, and federal unemployment tax.
When figuring your vehicle expenses, you cannot use the standard mileage rate for vehicles used for hire. If these expenses are reimbursed or paid for by an employer, they would no longer be valid deductions.
Trucker Tax Deductions – Travel Expenses
In deducting travel expenses, truck drivers must be traveling away from their home. This means, that the truck driver duties require travel away from home and the general area of your tax home longer than an ordinary workday and truck drivers need to sleep or rest to meet the demands of work away from home.
Truck drivers cannot satisfy this rest requirement by merely napping in your vehicle or grabbing a quick bite to eat. Also, truck drivers do not have to be away for the entire day, or from dusk until dawn, as long as your break from work is long enough for you to get the necessary sleep or rest.
Most local drivers do not have travel expenses; however, as a long-distance truck driver, you may deduct travel expenses if the expenses substantiate. Truck drivers must keep receipts or maintain a log with such information: amount, time, place, and business purpose of the travel expense incurred. Keeping a log book of cities, distance, duration of stops, and drive time may not be enough in supporting a deduction for travel expenses.
Truck Driver Tax Deductions – Meal Allowances
Truck drivers may use the standard meal allowance instead of actual meal expenses when calculating deductions for meal expenses while traveling away from the tax home. The standard meal allowance rate for most small localities in the United States is $46 per day. Most major cities and many other localities in the United States quality for higher standard meal allowances.
Truck drivers can use a special standard meal allowance of $59 per day if work if regularly away from the home and during any single trip usually involves travel to areas eligible for different standard meal allowance rates.
Truck drivers using the special rate eliminates the need to determine the standard meal allowance for every area where a truck driver stops for sleep or rest. If the special rate is chosen for any trip, it must be used for all trips taken that year instead of using the regular standard meal allowance rates.
The latest meal rates are published online by the IRS in Publications 1542, Per Diem Rates. This publication is only available online and is updated throughout the year as new per diem rates are announced by the General Services Administration. Usually, truck drivers can deduct only 50% of business-related meal expenses, although, truck drivers can deduct 80% of meal expenses while traveling away from the tax home if the meals take place during or in conjunction with any period subject to the Department of Transportation’s “hours of service” limits. For examples, interstate truck drivers who are under Department of Transportation regulations are subject to these limits. If fuel is purchased, truck drivers may qualify to claim a fuel tax credit.
Independent Contractor Driver Tax Deductions – Owner-Operators
Independent contractor driver tax deductions are nearly aligned with all truck driver tax deductions, although, there are some caveats independent contractors should be aware of. Independent contractor drivers cannot deduct time incurred from working on owned equipment. Moreover, independent contractor drivers cannot deduct income lost as a result of unpaid mileage, only the expenses incurred to operate the truck during the time. For examples, in times of fueling, tolls, and scales. Independent contractor driver tax deductions do not include downtime.
As an independent contractor truck driver, pay close attention to Schedule C. Expenses on Schedule C can be deducted, subtracting them from business income.
Independent Contractor Truck Driver Taxes – Purchased Vehicle
Independent contractor truck driver taxes can include the loan taken out to purchase the vehicle. Independent contractor truck drivers can deduct the interest on the return if a loan was taken out. The independent contractor truck driver must depreciate the purchase price of the truck itself over several years, taking into consideration the loss of value as the truck ages.
As a truck driver, there are several deductions available for taxes that are specifically designed for employment. Please seek legal and/or financial advice if you are unsure what deductions apply to the workplace.
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